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Customizable PIM on your desktop wallpaper


Active Desktop Calendar


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  Big dates in world history


Here is the collection of important dates in world history ready for importing into Active Desktop Calendar. The selection is arbitrary. Your comments are welcome at

World history: from foundation of Rome to 9/11 attack

January 4, 1999

Euro debuts as a financial unit in corporate and investment markets

January 5, 1968

Prague Spring begins in Czechoslovakia

January 8, 1916

Allies retreat from Gallipoli

January 10, 1920

League of Nations formally comes into being

January 15, 1970

Gadafi is proclaimed premier of Libya

January 16, 1991

The Persian Gulf War begins

January 19, 1966

Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister of India

January 20, 1961

John F. Kennedy inaugurated

January 22, 1901

Queen Victoria dies

January 25, 1924

First Winter Olympic Games

January 27, 1926

First public demonstration of a television system in London, UK

January 28, 1986

Space shuttle "Challenger" explodes during lift-off

February 1, 1979

Ayatollah Homeini returns to Iran

February 2, 1943

Battle of Stalingrad ends

February 4, 1789

George Washington elected the first president of United States

February 7, 1992

European Union established

February 8, 1725

Peter the Great, emperor of Russia, dies

February 11, 1945

Yalta conference ends

February 16, 1959

Fidel Castro is sworn in as prime minister of Cuba

February 19, 1473

Nicolaus Copernicus, the father of modern astronomy, is born in Torun

February 21, 1848

The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx is published in London

February 23, 1981

Spanish rebels storm Parliament

February 26, 1935

Hitler organizes Luftwaffe

March 2, 1972

Pioneer 10 launched to Jupiter

March 6, 1475

Michelangelo, the greatest of the Italian Renaissance artists, is born in Caprese

March 8, 1917

February Revolution in Russia begins

March 3, 1876

First speech transmitted by telephone

March 12, 1930

Gandhi leads civil disobedience

March 14, 1879

Albert Einstein is born

March 15, 44 BC

The Ides of March: Julius Caesar stabbed to death

March 20, 1995

Nerve gas attach on Tokyo subway

March 23, 1919

Mussolini founds the Fascist party

March 25, 1957

European Economic Community established

March 26, 1979

Israel-Egyptian peace agreement signed

March 28, 1939

Spanish Civil War ends

March 29, 1973

United States withdraws from Vietnam

April 2, 1982

Argentina invades Falklands Islands

April 4, 1968

Marthin Luther King assassinated

April 6, 1896

Olympic Games reborn in Athens

April 7, 1963

A new constitution Tito the president for life of Yugoslavia

April 12, 1961

Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space

April 15, 1912

British ocean liner Titanic sinks 400 miles south of Newfoundland, Canada

April 16, 1917

Lenin returns to Russia to take the reins of Russian Revolution

April 21, 753 BC

Rome founded

April 23, 1564

William Shakespeare born

April 25, 1859

Ground broken for Suez Canal

April 26, 1986

Nuclear disaster at Chernobyl, Soviet Union (today Ukraine)

April 28, 1969

De Gaulle resigns as leader of France

May 4, 1979

Margaret Thatcher sworn in as UK's prime minister

May 7, 1915

British ocean liner Lusitania is torpedoed by a German submarine and sinks

May 8, 1945

German forces agree to an unconditional surrender ending World War II

May 9, 1978

Former Italian prime minister Aldo Moro found dead

May 10, 1994

Nelson Mandela is sworn in as the first black president of South Africa

May 13, 1981

Pope John Paul II shot in Rome's St. Peter's Square

May 14, 1948

State of Israel proclaimed

May 16, 1968

Massive protests begin in France

May 19, 1588

Spanish Armada sets sail

May 21, 1927

American pilot Charles A. Lindbergh lands at Le Bourget Field in Paris

May 23, 1945

Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Gestapo, commits suicide while in Allied custody

May 26, 1896

Nicholas II , the last czar, is crowned ruler of Russia in Moscow

June 2, 1953

Queen Elizabeth II is formally crowned monarch of the United Kingdom

June 4, 1919

US Congress approved the 19th Amendment, which would guarantee suffrage to women

June 5, 1967

Six-Day War begins:  The Israel launches simultaneous attacks on the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria

June 7, 1939

King George VI becomes the first British monarch to visit the United States

June 8, 632

Muhammad, founder of Islam, dies in Medina

June 11, 1937

Soviet Union executes eight army leaders during "Great Purge"

June 13, 1983

Pioneer 10, the world's first outer-planetary probe, leaves the solar system

June 15, 1215

England's King John puts his royal seal on the Magna Carta, or "Great Charter"

June 16, 1963

Soviet Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman to travel into space

June 18, 1815

Napoleon defeated in Waterloo

June 23, 1956

Gamal Abdel Nasser elected first president of the Republic of Egypt

June 24, 1812

Napoleon invades Russia

June 26, 1945

Delegates from 50 nations sign the United Nations Charter

June 28, 1914

Archduke Franz Ferdinand, assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia

June 30, 1520

Spanish retreat from Aztec capital

July 1, 1997

Hong Kong returned to China

July 4, 1776

United States declares independence from Great Britain

July 8, 1994

Kim Il Sung, the communist dictator of North Korea, dies of a heart attack

July 13, 1985

Live Aid concert at London and Philadelphia

July 14, 1789

French revolution begin when Parisian revolutionaries storm the Bastille

July 16, 1918

In Yekaterinburg, Russia, Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks

July 18, 1936

Spanish Civil War breaks out

July 20, 1969

American astronaut Neil Armstrong walks on Moon

July 23, 1952

Military seizes power in Egypt

July 25, 1943

Benito Mussolini, fascist dictator of Italy, is voted out of power

July 26, 1847

The Republic of Liberia, formerly a colony of the American Colonization Society, declares its independence

July 27, 1794

Robespierre, the architect of the French Revolution's Reign of Terror, is overthrown

July 28, 1914

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, starting World War I

August 1, 1914

Germany and Russia declare war against each other

August 3, 1492

Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sets sail on a journey to find a western sea route to China and India

August 5, 1858

First telegraph line across the Atlantic Ocean is completed

August 6, 1945

Atomic bomb is dropped on the city of Hiroshima in Japan killing 80,000 outright

August 8, 1974

US President Richard M. Nixon resigns

August 9, 1945

An atomic bomb is detonated over the city of Nagasaki

August 13, 1521

Aztec capital Tenochtitlan falls to Cortez

August 15, 1961

East German authorities begin building the Berlin Wall

August 16, 1977

Elvis Presley dies

August 20, 1968

Soviets invade Czechoslovakia, crushing the "Prague Spring"

August 23, 1939

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact signed

August 24, 1979

Mount Vesuvius erupts in Italy, devastating Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum

August 25, 1944

Paris is liberated after more than four years of Nazi occupation

August 29, 1949

Soviets explode atomic bomb at a remote test site at Semipalatinsk in Kazakhstan

August 31, 1997

Princess Diana killed in a car accident

September 1, 1939

Germany invades Poland, starting World War II

September 2, 1945

Japan formally surrenders to the Allies, ending World War II

September 6, 1972

Israeli hostages killed in Munich

September 8, 1664

English captures New Amsterdam and change it's name to New York

September 11, 2001

Terrorist Attack on WTC in New York City and The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia killed around 3000

September 13, 1993

Israel and Palestine sign a peace accord

September 14, 1812

Napoleon enters Moscow

September 17, 1978

Camp David Accords signed

September 19, 1955

Argentine President Juan Domingo Peron is deposed in a military coup

September 21, 1792

French Assembly abolish the monarchy

September 22, 1980

Iraq invades Iran starting 8-year war

September 24, 622

Prophet Muhammad completes his Hegira from Mecca to Medina

September 27, 1996

In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture capital city Kabul

September 28, 1066

William the Conqueror invades England

September 29, 1939

Germany and the Soviet Union agree to divide control of occupied Poland

October 1, 1936

General Franco proclaimed leader of the rebel Nationalist government in Spain

October 4, 1957

Soviet Union launches Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite

October 5, 1989

Dalai Lama wins Nobel Peace Prize

October 7, 1949

East Germany created within Soviet occupation zone

October 12, 1492

Christopher Columbus lands at a Bahamian island, discovering New World

October 15, 1990

Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev wins the Nobel Peace Prize

October 16 ,1793

Former French Queen Marie-Antoinette is beheaded on guillotine

October 21, 1959

Rocket designer Wernher von Braun moved from the US Army to the newly created NASA

October 22, 1962

Cuban missile crises begin

October 23, 1983

Beirut barracks blown up

October 24, 1648

The Treaty of Westphalia is signed, ending the Thirty Years War

October 28, 1886

The Statue of Liberty, a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States, is dedicated in New York Harbor

October 29, 1929

Black Tuesday:  Stock market crashes leading to Great Depression

October 31, 1984

Indira Gandhi, the prime minister of India, is assassinated in New Delhi by two of her own bodyguards

November 1, 1993

The Maastricht Treaty comes into effect, formally establishing the European Union

November 6, 1917

Russian Bolshevik Party launch a coup against Russia's Provisional Government

November 11, 1793

Louvre museum is opened in Paris

November 11, 1918

Germany signed an armistice agreement with the Allies, ending World War I

November 13, 1990

The first known World Wide Web page is written

November 15, 1957

Nikita Khrushchev challenges United States to a missile "shooting match"

November 17, 1558

Queen Mary I of England and Ireland since 1553, dies and is succeeded by her half-sister, Elizabeth

November 20, 1945

Nuremberg trials begin

November 22, 1963

US president, John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas

November 24, 1859

Charles Darwin publishes groundbreaking scientific work "Origin of Species"

November 27, 1957

Indian Prime Minister Nehru makes an impassioned speech for nuclear disarmament in New Delhi

November 29, 1947

U.N. votes for partition of Palestine despite strong Arab opposition

December 2, 1804

In Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Napoleon I

December 3, 1967

First human heart transplantation

December 6, 1921

The Irish Free State is declared

December 7, 1941

Japanese warplanes bombed US Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor

December 11, 1994

Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders Russian forces into Chechnya

December 12, 1901

Marconi sends first radio transmission across the Atlantic Ocean

December 17, 1903

Wright brothers make the first successful flight in history of airplanes

December 19, 1984

Agreement committing Britain to return Hong Kong to China in 1997 signed

December 21, 1991

Soviet republics proclaim the Commonwealth of Independent States, which lead to the dismemberment of the Soviet Union.

December 24, 1812

War of 1812 ends

December 28, 1895

First Motion Picture shown by Lumiere brothers at Paris

December 29, 1940

Worst air raid on London

December 30, 1922

Soviet Union established

  (last revision on 041201)

Download and import instructions

  1. To download, right click on the chosen file link, choose Save Target As... option, select some folder on your hard drive and click Save.
  2. Double click on Active Desktop Calendar's icon in the system tray.
  3. Choose Import option from the Data menu.
  4. Select downloaded calendar file (it has .ADC extension), click Open, choose Target Layer ("Import as new layer" is recommended) and finally click Finish.


  • You can download and import as many calendars as you want.
  • Imported notes will not affect your existing notes.
  • Unless you have chosen "Import as new layer" option for importing, there is no other way to undo the import operation than to delete imported notes manually.
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Big dates in history (world, USA, sports, music, ...)
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Version history

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